When you search online for a variety, you come across the same term to describe it, such as “Indica” or “Sativa”. Some medical marijuana patients say they prefer Sativa when they find it hard to concentrate when using other strains. Most modern cannabis plants have a long tradition and are descended from the ancient Sativa and Indica family, which are at least 2000 years old.
Simply put, Cannabis Indica plants tend to be short, bushy and have broad leaves, while Cannabis Sativa plants with narrow leaves grow large. A strain also refers to a hybrid that is a cross between two popular species. In essence, hybrids are the crossing of two plants, and they can produce a variety of effects.
Although weed strains may have a mixture of sativas and indicas in genetics, there are a number of factors that can be helpful in understanding which one is right for you. People look for hybrid strains when both Indica and Sativa would produce effects that are too overwhelming one way or another. Hybrids can still be classified as indica dominant, sativa dominant or balanced.
The branches of Sativa cannabis plants tend to spread and grow upwards, while the leaves, which are arranged in a straight line from the tip of the plant to the bottom of its trunk, are usually long and narrow. Unlike Indica stems, where the flowers of the plants cluster around the nodes, the flowers begin at the base and extend along the length of a stem. Sativa plants are higher than Indica plants and reach a height of up to 20 feet when grown outdoors.
You have probably noticed how some hybrid varieties have become as prominent as Indica – sativas, if not more. These hybrid varieties do exactly what they sound like by mixing the properties of Indica and Sativa varieties. It is quite legitimate to describe these effects as “Sativa-like” or “Indica-likes,” as long as one remembers that the Sativa and Indica-like effects do not necessarily coincide with the sativa or indica-like lineage of the plant.
The beauty of hybrid flowers is that they are dominant in one direction or another, which means that you can pick one up depending on what you have in mind. An Indica – dominant hybrid will make you feel a bit rockier than normal and immediately drowsy. A sativa-dominant hybrid, on the other hand, will focus on the brighter, more alert sensations that accompany the sativas in your experience, but will certainly add a physical component to that experience.
While the debate on the effects of each variety remains fruitless, physical and growth traits can help distinguish between the two.
Anecdotal evidence from marijuana dispensaries claims Indica is more calming and Sativa “more energetic,” experts say such statements are misleading. Both strains of marijuana have the same effects on body and mind, but occasionally you find a strain that somehow delivers the best indica or sativa in the world.
Botanists use branching patterns to identify different plant strains, but there are many more factors involved in producing the recreational and medicinal effects of marijuana than just strains alone. Over time you will learn more about the effects that Indica and Sativa can produce, as well as about the different types of THC or CBD.
Some researchers say the differences are due to humans breeding different species, while others say a mix of evolved adaptations and geographical isolation is responsible.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the most studied and most discussed elements of marijuana. It can be helpful to know whether a cannabis plant is an indica or sativa strain, but it does not always provide an accurate picture of the relative amounts of THC and CBD it can contain, as people tend to believe. It is also important to note that THC or CBD is just one of hundreds of chemicals that produce different effects on different strains of marijuana.
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